The building boasts being the largest Town Hall in Andalusia and the third largest in Spain. Its construction work began with the architect Torcuato Cayón in the mid-18th century, but continued up to the 19th century, so there were several architects who left their imprint on the building, enabling us to discover and enjoy the different styles we find in its interior.

After its incorporation into the Crown in 1729, it experienced a significant population increase in the first half of the 18th century, which led it to propose the need to establish totally autonomous forms of government in the city. This was one of the reasons why a little later the city had own representation in the municipal councils held in Cádiz. Faced with this situation of a clear population spike, it was soon deemed necessary to create an autonomous council that controlled all matters of the nascent town.

Therefore by Royal Licence of Charles III of 28th January 1766, the Isla de León Town Hall was formed. The town was therefore officially constituted, and granted civil and criminal jurisdiction, conferring upon the main Mayor the obligation to look after political and economic governance.

The first mayor of the town, Sebastián Ventura de Sedano, did not have a suitable place to gather the corporation, so they would meet in two rooms situated next to the Old Prison (today establishment of “The first on the island”), home of the mayor.

In 1773, the Town Hall proposed obtaining appropriate land for the construction of buildings, so it studied different offers. It finally considered the proposal of the Lorión family, since they donated the land needed and other neighbouring lands were also bought from them to carry out the work in better conditions.

The project and plan were done by the main architect of Cádiz, Torcuato Cayón, who would charge 15,000 reals a month for this work. Projects of other buildings in the province are also thanks to this architect, such as La Cartuja Bridge in Jerez and in Cádiz the New Cathedral, San Juan de Dios Tower, etc.

Its project consisted of forming the Square, Chapter Houses, Prison, Granary, Bakery, Butcher, Slaughterhouse, Fishmonger and other municipal departments. This project was supported from the Courts by his son-in-law Ventura Rodríguez

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